Aravind Adiga’s debut novel, The White Tiger, won the Booker prize this week. But its unflattering portrait of India as a society racked by. The Booker prize-winning author on the challenge of following early success and capturing the new India. Balram Halwai, the narrator of Aravind Adiga’s first novel, “The White Tiger,” is a modern Indian hero. In a country inebriated by its newfound.

Author: Gogor Gonos
Country: Gambia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Video
Published (Last): 12 September 2018
Pages: 94
PDF File Size: 13.56 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.22 Mb
ISBN: 806-7-52235-341-9
Downloads: 55344
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Zulurg

It was first published in and won the 40th Man Booker Higer in the same year. In detailing Balram’s journey first to Delhi, where he works as a chauffeur to a rich landlord, and then to Tger, the place to which he flees after killing his master and stealing his money, the novel examines issues of religion, caste, loyalty, corruption and poverty in India.

In a nation proudly shedding a history of poverty and underdevelopment, he represents, as he himself says, “tomorrow. The novel has been well-received, making the New York Times bestseller list in addition to winning the Man Booker Prize. Balram Halwai narrates his life in a letter, written in seven consecutive nights and addressed to the Chinese PremierWen Jiabao.

In his letter, Balram explains how he, the son of a puller, escaped a life of servitude to become a successful businessman, describing himself as an entrepreneur.

Balram was born in the rural village of Laxmangarhwhere he lived with his grandmother, parents, brother and extended family. He is a smart child but is forced to leave school in order to help pay for his cousin’s dowry and begins to work in a teashop with his brother in Dhanbad. While working there he begins to learn about India’s government and economy from the customers’ conversations.

Balram describes himself as a bad servant but a good listener and decides to become a driver.

: The White Tiger: A Novel (): Aravind Adiga: Books

After learning how to drive, Balram finds a job driving Ashok, the son of one of Laxmangarh’s landlords. He takes over the job of the main driver, from a small car to a heavy-luxury described Honda City.

He stops sending money back to his family and disrespects his grandmother during a trip back to his village. Throughout their time in Delhi, Balram is exposed to extensive corruption, especially in the government. In Delhi, the contrast between the poor and the wealthy is made even more evident by their proximity to one another.

One night Pinky Madam takes the wheel from Balram, while drunk, hits something in qrvind road and drives away; we are left to assume that she has killed a child. Ashok’s family puts pressure on Balram to confess that he had been driving alone. Ashok becomes increasingly involved in bribing government officials for the benefit of the family coal business. Balram then decides that killing Ashok will be the only way to escape India’s Rooster Coop.

After bludgeoning Ashok with a bottle and stealing a large bribe, Balram moves to Bangalorewhere he avind the police in order to help start his own taxi business. Ashok too is portrayed to be trapped in the metaphorical Rooster Coop: Just like Ashok, Balram pays off a family whose son one of his taxi drivers hit and killed.

Balram explains that his own family was almost certainly killed by Ashok’s relatives as retribution for his murder. At the end of the novel, Balram rationalizes his actions and considers that his freedom is worth the lives of his family and of Ashok. And thus ends the letter to Jiabao, letting the reader think of the dark humour of the tale, as tigre as the idea of life as a trap introduced by the writer. The White Aevind takes place in a time in which increased technology has led to world globalization, and India is no exception.


In the past decade, India has had one of the fastest booming economies. Specifically Americanization in India has played its role in the plot, since it provides an outlet for Balram to alter his caste.

Globalization has assisted in the creation arvid an American atmosphere in India. American Express, Microsoft, all the big American companies have offices there. The main road is full of shopping malls—each mall riger a cinema inside! So if Pinky Madam missed America, this was the best place to bring her”. The way things are changing in India now, this place is going to be like America in ten adgia.

From the beginning of his story he knows that in order to rise above his caste he should become an entrepreneur. Although his taxi service is not an international business, Balram plans to keep up with the pace of globalization and change his trade when need be. Throughout the book, there are references to how Balram is very arbind from those back in his home environment. He is referred to as the “white tiger” [9] which also happens to be the title of arvihd book. Daiga white tiger symbolizes power in East Asian cultures, [10] such as in Vietnam.

It is also a symbol for freedom and individuality. Balram is seen as different from those he grew up with. He is the one who got out of the “Darkness” and found his way into the “Light”. Climbing up the social ladder, Balram sheds the wihte and limits of his past and overcomes the social obstacles that keep him from living life to the fullest that he can.

Roars of anger

In the book, Balram talks about how he was in a rooster coop and how he broke free from his coop. The book shows a modern day, capitalist Indian society with free market and free business. It also shows how it can create economic division. In India there are not social classes, there are social castes.

The novel is based on the disparities of two worlds: Balram refers to it as the “Darkness”. When Balram was asked which caste he was from, he knew that it could ultimately cause a biased stance in his employer and determine the future of his employment.

This novel is showing how our economic system today creates socioeconomic gaps that create a big division in society. It limits opportunity, social mobility, health, and other rights and pleasures that should be given to all. There is a big difference in the amount of money spread around in society today and this book is alluding to that fact.

Balram, a man of many names and of strong conviction, is one of the few who are able to escape the Darkness. Unlike the majority of the poor in India, eternally pent up in the Coop, he is willing to sacrifice his family for his own self gain.

His ambition and inner drive propels him to commit murder to achieve freedom. While murdering Ashok will result in the resultant murder of his family, the one murder alone is enough to break free from the Darkness.

By murdering Ashok, therefore, Balram becomes his own man, free of the chains of servitude and finally able to control his own destiny. According to Balram, there are two different types of people in India. There are those in the light—politicians, businessmen, entrepreneurs, to name a few, who prosper financially and sit at the top of society—and there are those in the Darkness, trapped in lives of poverty and subservience.

To explain this division he uses the metaphor of the Coop: They do not try to get out of the coop.

Review: The White Tiger by Aravind Adiga

The Coop represents life in the Darkness: While they are supposed to be sweetmakers, or Halweis, they live in poverty. His father works tenuously as a rickshaw puller, and his brother works in the local tea shop.


He instates in Balram the goal of becoming one of those men who are in the light. Balram adopts this goal, and devotes his life towards attaining it.

Later, Balram uses the metaphor: And only two destinies: Balram has a big belly, titer with the lust of freedom and of riches—the same belly which will eventually propel him to murder Ashok and give up his family for the sake of becoming a man.

In his childhood, Balram recognizes that he is special. When an official comes to evaluate his school, he singles out Balram because he is the only one who can read and write. He sees great potential in the boy: They do not have the ambition, drive or intelligence that is needed to escape—the same characteristics which the inspector sees in Balram.

Balram calls himself White Tiger ttiger after this event. He fully takes on and embodies the life of a white tiger. Balram only faints twice in his life. Each time he faints it is because he realizes that the Darkness is inescapable without some form of resistance.

The same would happen to me when I died and they brought me here.

Balram cannot fathom the prospect of forever remaining in the Darkness. He sees the overwhelming power that being in the Darkness has on the ones in it: Balram faints thinking that this could happen to him. Balram faints for a second time when he goes to the zoo.

He sees the White Tiger trapped in the cage and realizes that he sees himself: He wholeheartedly embraced his master, with whom he treated with great love, to distract himself from the fact that he was living in a life that he and his father wanted so desperately for him to break free of. When Balram sees himself in that cage, he has an epiphany. Up to this point, he had never seriously considered rebelling against or killing Ashok.

But the tiger vanishes from the cage because, at that moment, the caged version of Balram ceased to exist. A changed man, he realizes that he must kill Ashok to become his own man and enter into a life of Light. After this epiphany, Balram quickly and deliberately frees himself from the Darkness by killing Ashok.

Despite the fact that his family may be murdered, Balram commits this act because it will transport him to the life he has dreamed of and therefore make him a man. Balram has so much disdain for him family, since he sees the harsh ways by which they drain the life out of his father, that they no longer remain a relevant part of his life. Therefore, he is justified in sacrificing them, at least in his eyes. His epiphany at the zoo puts in context that life is not worth living if it is lived in the Darkness.

In this India of Light and Darkness, Balram is now in the light. By resisting the life of Darkness and by killing Ashok, he now leads a life in which he can choose his own fate. Literally, it represents the materialistic success which he has encountered in his entrepreneurial ventures as an independent businessman. Figuratively, it sheds light on him, amidst the Darkness still prevalent in the everyday life of India. It represents Balram’s escape from the presence of Darkness which used to dominate his life.

By killing Ashok, Balram becomes his own man, freeing himself from servitude and entering a life of independence.