The Distributed Queue Dual Bus (DQDB) network has been adopted as the subnetwork for the IEEE metropolitan area network (MAN) standard. Since its. IEEE to protocols are only suited for “small” LANs. They cannot be used for very large but non-wide area networks. IEEE DQDB is designed. Distributed Queue Data Interface (DQDB) and put up as IEEE standard. network. The stations are attached to both the buses in parallel. Each bus.
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The steps beginning with operation 84 and ending with operations 87, 91 or 96 complete the process of controlling the upstream request sequence and check is then performed to see if all bits in the request field have been read. Each netwoork node acquires knowledge about the number of downstream nodes that are requesting access by counting the number of bus request signals binary 1’s received networ each bit position in request fields in successively received cells.
The cell is divided into a five byte header 64 and a forty-eight byte data or payload segment A check 84 is made by the node to see if it requires access to Bus A at the priority level defined by the current bit position.
DQDB: Distributed Queue Dual Bus (Defined in IEEE ) – Network Protocols Handbook [Book]
Thus, the current RQ count indicates the number of netork unsatisfied reservation requests for access to Bus A by nodes downstream on Bus A. The fifty-three bytes are divided into a five byte header and a forty-eight byte data segment, sometimes referred to as the payload segment of the cell. The present invention is a simple access control method which does not require redefinition of the DQDB access control field, but which minimizes impact of propagation delays and optimizes utilization of available bus bandwidth.
A pending downstream access request at a higher priority level preempts the idle slot, forcing the local node to simply wait for the next cell on Bus B. In an ideal system, the basic DQDB protocol described above would permit the netwokr node with an access request to claim the first available slot and every slot would be perfectly utilized.
In telecommunicationa distributed-queue dual-bus network DQDB is a distributed multi-access network that a supports integrated communications using a dual bus and distributed queuing, b provides access to local or metropolitan area networksand c supports connectionless data transferconnection -oriented data transfer, and isochronous communications, such as voice communications.
DQDB networks may be linked through other known types of networks, such a high speed packet switching network 14 or a circuit switched network If a node writes data into an idle slot on one of the busses assume Bus Athe BWB counter at the node sqdb incremented. This is dqdh by incrementing every RQ counter betwork the node for priority levels for which no access requests are queued and by incrementing all CD counters at the node for those priority levels having queued access requests.
Access control method for DQDB network. Third, dqcb node then allows a number of idle slots to pass equal to the number of pending downstream access requests. Data is normally transported along each bus in successive fixed length slots.
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The originators of this approach have acknowledged at least two problems. For use in a distributed queue dual bus network having two unidirectional oppositely directed busses along which information is transmitted in successive multi-byte cells, each cell having at least one busy bit and at least one bus request bit, and a plurality of parallel nodes, each of said nodes being connected to both of said dqcb and being capable of reading data from and writing data to the bus, a method of equitably distributing access to the bus among contending nodes, said method being practiced at each node and comprising the steps of: Each set further includes an idle slot counter 60, the basic function of which is to make sure the node allows an adequate number of idle slots to be delivered networm downstream nodes to satisfy access requests from those nodes.
When the added binary 1 is detected at node 76B, that node also adds a binary 1 to the pattern it has been sending so that node 76A then receives a repeated pattern.
Communications network having bit-mapped refresh cycle. Node 44 is considered to be the tail of Bus A and the head of Bus B. The two busses, considered together, provide effective full duplex communications between any two nodes. This pattern is interpreted by nodes 76A, 76B and 76C as meaning that one downstream node is requesting access to Bus A.
The impact of propagation delays is also reduced. A node requesting access changes the bit value to a binary 1 as the cell passes. For use in a distributed queue dual bus network having two unidirectional oppositely directed busses along which information is transmitted in successive multi-byte cells, each cell having at least one busy bit and at least one bus request bit, and a plurality of parallel nodes, each of said nodes being connected to both of said busses and being capable of reading data from and writing data to the bus, a method of equitably distributing access to the bus among contending nodes, said method being practiced at each node and comprising: The figure does not show the cell delimiters and any data integrity checking characters that might be used as these are well known.
The node would also transmit an idle signal when access is no longer needed. A proposed alternative method would require that a node send a single reservation request when it first finds it needs access to the bus, rather than for each unit of data it wishes to send.
The size of the area and the threshold data rate are the subject of discussion in industry standards groups. Node netwrok is considered to be the head of Bus A and the tail of Bus B. A single set is described below. As shown in FIG.
In accordance with the present invention, each node continuously tracks the number of nodes requiring access to the second bus by counting successive bus request signals received on the first bus.
Next Patent Multiple port medium Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims shall be construed to include both the preferred embodiments and all such variations and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The following description uses the terms upstream and downstream to define the location of one node relative to another local node. In a multiple priority system, an RQ counter and a CD counter is assigned to each priority level.
If the node is not currently requesting access to Bus A itself, a Request RQ counter is incremented for each reservation bit received in a cell on Bus B. As a byte is 8 bits, the individual bytes are sometimes referred to as octets. The count in the request string counter is ddqb to the DAR register value in an operation Bus A and Bus B function independently of one another, even though netwprk timing for operations on both busses may be derived from a single timing source at one of the nodes.
Retrieved from ” https: The new or all zero pattern notifies nodes 76A, 76B and 76C that there are no outstanding access requests for Bus A. Node 76B and node 76C continue to receive the repeated 01 pattern since only one node downstream of those nodes is requesting access to Bus A.
If the cell contains data written into the payload segment by an upstream node on Bus A, it is not available to the local node. The new pattern delivered to those nodes in four successive cells on Bus B takes the form of alternating 0’s and 1’s or