In his latest book, fairy tales expert Jack Zipes explores the question of why some fairy tales “work” and others don’t, why the fairy tale is. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Zipes, Jack David. Why fairy tales stick: the evolution and relevance of a genre / Jack Zipes. p. cm. Includes. In his latest book, fairy tales expert Jack Zipes explores the question of why some fairy tales “work” and others don’t, why the fairy tale is uniquely capable of.

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To a certain extent, it is impossible nowadays to speak about the fairy tale, especially a canonical tale, narrowly as a printed text, for it has transcended both the oral and literary in iconic ziipes tions that depend on the technology of the radio, cinema, advertising, Internet, and so on. Another good example is the fairry tale about the grateful dead that can be traced to pre-Christian antiquity and spread widely throughout Europe in the medieval period.

Although the French language and particular cul- tural references stamp these tales as French, they are also illed with and takes by a pan-European and Oriental tradition that formed them. The innovation will not be transmitted unless there is a desire to teach it, that is, to disseminate it and to learn it.

Project MUSE – Why Fairy Tales Stick: The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre (review)

It is extremely dificult to describe what the oral wonder tale was because our evidence is based on written documents, and there are many types of wonder tales with diverse plots and characters, bound intricately with customs and rituals, that are often inexplicable.

He begins with the premise that Members of a human group are bound with one another by multiple lows of information.

Fairy tales–History and criticism. qhy

Xtick a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Then male scribes began recording them in collections of tales, epics, romances, and poetry from the tenth cen- tury onward. However, there was no dis- tinct and distinguishable genre in literature called the fairy tale until the seventeenth century, irst in Italy and more importantly in France, because there was no textual community to cultivate and institutionalize it and because the vernacular languages had not yet fully developed into literary languages.


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Why Fairy Tales Stick: The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre

Communication decomposes into a process of public expression of a mental representation and a process of mental interpretation of the public representation. These we may call speech genres.

Like Straparola and Basile, they exploited the marvelous in conscious narrative strategies to deal with real social issues of their time. Finally, on the last day, Zoza is invited to tell the last tale, and she recounts what happened to her. Contact Contact Us Help.

Why Fairy Tales Stick: The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre by Jack D. Zipes

When a tale evolves through the discursive appropriation of oral and literary transmission, this germ remains and is at the heart of its memetic appeal.

Bottigheimer Why Fairy Tales Stick: The genericity is a socio-cognitive necessity that relates each text to the inter-discourse of a social formation. Examples of memes are tunes, ideas, catch-phrases, clothes fashions, ways of making pots or of building arches. Still, his basic premise that fairy tales stick with us because they give us valuable information about how to navigate our world is an interesting one.

According to Zipes, fairy tales are “a polygenetic cultural artifact,” a set of similar ideas that emerge in multiple locations p. Which talented priest would not want to serve the missionary thrust of the church by collecting tales heard in childhood, read in school, heard on travels and in various monasteries?

Although they start out as similar responses to shared human experiences, these tales then go through what Zipes calls “miraculous transformations” according to the changing cultural variables of their local environs p. The fairy tale is a polygenetic cultural artifact that has spread throughout the world through human contact and technologies invented to bring about effective communication.

Just as the frame tale leads to the exposure of the stealthy slave girl with no holds barred, all the nar- ratives seek to reveal the contradictory nature in which all members of society pretend to comport themselves according to lofty standards but will stoop as low as they must to achieve wealth and happiness.

Why Fairy Tales Stick : The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre

A fairy tale as meme wants to be understood in a particular relevant way, otherwise it will not stick in the recipient who is intended to replicate it. Sticj rated it really liked it May 20, Once a fairy tale has gelled or been artistically conceived so that it is ostentative, it seeks to perpetuate itself indiscriminately.


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Yet, there is a virtue to using a biological analogy to make sense of the great tradition of the literary fairy jaco. He followed zipse but arrived at her house just at the moment she entered. Only a strong male igure can rescue a girl from herself and her lustful desires. But as humans became more discerning and their brains developed the cognitive capacity to recognize, reine, and retain speciic narratives that spoke to the conditions in their environ- ment about survival, they began to group, categorize, and shape diverse stories artistically to make better and more eficient use of them.

Fairry eral theories about the origin and spread of the folk tales leading to the formation of the literary fairy tale were irst conceived at the beginning of the nineteenth century stixk have been elaborated and contested up through the twenty-irst century. Parts of this – where he was discussing the history of the genre, or individual tales – were quite interesting. All of these situations incite similar questions: I’m not sure I understand fairy tales themselves any better than when I started the book.

Whether these works can be considered pro-women today is another question, for Perrault extolled the intelligence and capabilities of women while maintaining that they should be put to use in the domestic fary social realms. Moreover, she tries to set up zipees false debate between so-called oral- ists and herself as though there were a clear divide, and argues that only published books provide accurate evidence for the origins, existence, and spread of fairy tales.

In addition, I lamented the manner in which other scholars approached the oral folk tale and the literary fairy tale, collapsing the distinctions and dehis- toricizing the ziipes while generating fuzzy psychological and formalist theories that lead more to mystiication than elucidation in regard to the interaction between oral and literary genres.